FARMINGTON -- Just one student with a low score or not attending enough days of school can bring down an entire school's overall Adequate Yearly Progress scores, Davis School District officials said.
Davis School District officials met with the media Tuesday to discuss the 2010-11 AYP reports that were released to the general public today.
Overall, Davis district schools earned a "yes" in 98.4 percent of all possible categories. With 100 schools and programs that receive an AYP rating, the majority did pass.
Forty-seven elementary schools were identified as making the AYP rating for 2011-12, while 12 were not.
Six junior high schools did not make the AYP, while nine did so.
High schools were split down the middle with four making the AYP and four not making AYP.
Last year 46 of the elementary schools did pass the AYP requirements and 13 junior high schools passed, as did four high schools.
Schools are required to meet standards set for testing participation, academic achievement in language arts and math, and school attendance. The AYP categories are set under the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act, formerly known as the No Child Left Behind Act, said Davis School District Superintendent Dr. Bryan Bowles.
Schools receive a "yes" or "no" distinction in each of the 40 different categories of achievement. One "no" in any one of the 40 categories will cause the school to be identified as not having made the AYP for the year, officials said.
For example, Bountiful Elementary School did not meet the criteria to pass students who were Hispanic or had limited English proficiencies in language arts, said Logan Toone, the district's director of research and assessment.
At first glance, it appears bad, but at Bountiful Elementary there are 12 Hispanic students out of the 206 students in third to sixth grades and only one student did not pass the end-of-level tests, Toone said.
Also, schools can be identified as not passing AYP by having a student or several students in one category not attend school. For example, North Davis Junior High School did receive AYP, even though it passed in 32 of the 40 categories. In math, the attendance of students with disabilities -- physical and learning -- was below the requirement, but it did see a 10 percent increase in math scores, Bowles said.
"As long as we have AYP, which is confusing and convoluted, there will be misunderstanding," Toone said. "Many of our hardest-working principals and teachers are at schools that are not getting AYP."
Bowles said the district does not judge a school only by the AYP scores but looks at several different tests and other assessments to determine which schools need the help.
Bowles said reading achievement scores give specific detailed information on what help each child needs to achieve.
"But we do pay attention to the AYP scores," Bowles said.
School districts across the nation are expected to have 100 percent of all students pass AYP by 2014, which Bowles said "is unrealistic."