RALEIGH, N.C. -- John Edwards, a two-time candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination and a former U.S. senator from North Carolina, was indicted Friday on charges of conspiracy and false statements.
The indictment is the culmination of a secretive federal probe that has been going on for more than two years.
The investigation has centered on allegations that donations to Edwards were used to support Rielle Hunter, his former mistress and mother of his now-3-year-old daughter.
In recent months, Edwards' lawyers have tried to persuade prosecutors in the U.S. Justice Department's Public Integrity Section to drop the investigation.
Those efforts ended with Friday's indictment, which starts an even tougher legal battle.
The key questions in the case are whether payments to Edwards' mistress, Rielle Hunter, and to a campaign staffer, Andrew Young, were intended to keep Edwards' 2008 presidential campaign alive, and whether Edwards knew about those payments.
Payments for Hunter never touched campaign accounts and weren't reported on campaign disclosure forms. Money went to Young and Hunter directly from donors or through intermediaries.
Prosecutors say the money was essentially campaign spending -- intended to save the campaign by keeping Edwards' affair with Hunter secret -- and thus an illegal use of campaign funds. They will point out that one donor, the late Fred Baron, was a key figure in Edwards' national campaigns. The other donor was multimillionaire Rachel "Bunny" Mellon.
Edwards' lawyers, on the other hand, say that the money was intended merely to conceal the affair from Edwards' late wife, Elizabeth, and was not connected to the campaign. As such, they argue, the payments were not illegal.
Investigators have been curious about Edwards' relationship with Mellon, whom Edwards courted for financing during his second failed bid for the Democratic presidential nomination, in 2008.
Mellon, who turned 100 last year, wrote sizable checks to further Edwards' political interests in 2005 and 2006, as Edwards positioned himself to run for the White House a second time after settling for the second spot on the Democratic ticket in 2004.
Mellon, matriarch of the late industrialist Andrew Mellon's family, contributed at least $3.48 million to a nonprofit group, The Alliance for a New America, that was created to further Edwards' political aspirations. Another nonprofit group that helped fund Edwards' campaign work isn't required to disclose donors.
Baron, a former Dallas trial lawyer who was finance chairman for the Edwards campaign, said before he died that he provided financial support to Young and Hunter.
The saga that led to Friday's charges began when Hunter, a videographer, secured work with Edwards' 2008 campaign in 2006 and 2007. According to campaign finance disclosures, she received $114,000 to film Edwards' travels across America and abroad to raise awareness about poverty. Hunter's "webisodes" were posted on the Internet.
When Hunter got pregnant in 2007, her role in Edwards' world shifted.
Young, a former Edwards aide, initially claimed paternity of Hunter's baby, and he and his family at one point lived with Hunter while Edwards publicly denied the affair. Edwards later admitted the affair but for a while still denied fathering the child.
Mellon began writing checks to help pay the living expenses of Hunter and Young, who were in hiding and stayed in homes in different places across the country.
Edwards, a trial lawyer himself, was elected U.S. senator from North Carolina as a political novice in 1998, defeating incumbent Republican Lauch Faircloth. He chose not to seek re-election in 2004, running for president instead. Eventual Democratic nominee John Kerry chose him as his running mate that year.
A South Carolina native, Edwards lives in Orange County, N.C. His wife died of cancer last December.
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