NASA gives up on Mars rover Spirit

May 25 2011 - 11:38am

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In this Jan. 28, 2004 photo provided by NASA/JPL of a photo shot by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit. NASA is ending efforts to revive the sand-trapped rover Spirit, which has been silent for more than a year. Project manager John Callas of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory says the last commands will be sent up Wednesday, May 25. (NASA/JPL/Associated Press)
In this Jan. 28, 2004 photo provided by NASA/JPL of a photo shot by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit. NASA is ending efforts to revive the sand-trapped rover Spirit, which has been silent for more than a year. Project manager John Callas of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory says the last commands will be sent up Wednesday, May 25. (NASA/JPL/Associated Press)

After a year of fruitlessly trying to communicate with Spirit, one of two rovers on the surface of Mars, NASA scientists have finally decided to let it rest in peace. They plan to send their last commands to the rover a little after midnight PDT Wednesday morning.

Spirit, which landed on Mars in January 2004, has been stuck in Martian sand for two years and has been silent for more than a year, despite regular attempts by NASA scientists to contact it.

Along with its twin rover Opportunity, which landed on the opposite side of the planet, it was originally sent to explore the Martian landscape for about three months. Yet despite the fact they were not built to survive the planet's harsh winters, the two have far outlived their life expectancies and their mission has proven wildly successful, sending back strong evidence that water once shaped Mars' surface, for example.

Spirit had it much harder than Opportunity. The beginning of the end came back in 2006, when a front wheel broke. Scientists controlling the rovers from their posts at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in La Canada Flintridge, Calif., learned to drive the vehicle backward -- they even used the tracks left by the gimpy wheel to observe what materials lay right beneath the planet's surface.

But that asset turned into a liability in 2009, when the malfunctioning wheel broke through the thin Martian crust as Spirit was moving toward a pair of volcanic features in the southern hemisphere. The rover became stuck in the sand, and attempts to maneuver it out caused another wheel to fail.

With no solar power to keep it heated during the brutal winter season, Spirit fell into hibernation. It went silent on March 22, 2010. NASA officials had hoped to make contact with it after the seasons grew favorable but have heard nothing back since then.

Opportunity continues to send back scientific data as it crosses the Martian surface toward the crater Endeavour. But things won't be quite the same without Spirit, scientists on the mission said.

"We have developed a strong emotional attachment to both of these rovers," John Callas, project manager for the rover program at JPL said in a Tuesday press conference announcing the decision. "They are just the cutest darn things out in the solar system."

(c) 2011, Los Angeles Times.

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