The NBA and its teams say swine flu won't take them by surprise.
The signs of precaution are everywhere.
A bottle of Germ-X hand sanitizer sits on the security keypad that Orlando Magic players use to enter RDV Sportsplex.
The San Antonio Spurs have placed sanitizer dispensers throughout their practice facility: on their court, in their weight room and in their locker room.
At league headquarters in New York City, league officials hired an expert in infectious-disease control in March to advise them and have been in contact with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
"Let's face it, we all live in close proximity all year long," Magic Coach Stan Van Gundy said. "You take the necessary precautions, and you deal with it when it comes up."
Teams across the NBA have made provisions to guard players against the H1N1 virus, more commonly known as swine flu. Symptoms such as fever, body aches and fatigue can be debilitating. Having one marquee player get sick or several role players become ill could hurt a team's performance.
Magic athletic trainer Tom Smith spoke to the team about swine flu and general health guidelines earlier this month, Van Gundy said. Smith asked players to notify team medical staff immediately if they start to feel sick or are exposed to a family member with the illness, because doctors can prescribe an antiviral medicine such as Tamiflu.
Smith also reminded players to wash their hands frequently.
"I just wash my hands, that's all," said Magic power forward Brandon Bass. "We have hand sanitizer everywhere."
The NBA has been in constant communication with its teams about the H1N1 virus, said Tim Frank, the league's vice president for basketball communications.
Frank said some misinformation was reported in recent weeks about the ongoing dialogue between teams and the league. He said it wasn't true that the league had asked players and coaches to use a fist pump instead of a handshake when greeting each other to avoid passing on the virus, as one newspaper reported. He said that the league did not send a memo to teams suggesting that players shouldn't shake hands with fans, as another newspaper reported.
But the league has created an extensive swine flu contingency plan, just as it did when the avian flu was a concern a few years ago. Frank would not disclose details of the new plan.
"It deals with everything you can imagine: if you have to cancel a game, if you have to play a game without fans or the bare minimum, if a lot of players get sick," Frank said.
"It's obviously a hard thing to predict, but that's why you put a plan together and deal with as many circumstances as you possibly can, because I don't think any of us know what direction it'll go."
So far, there have been only a few reported cases of swine flu in pro sports.
Houston Texans rookie tight end Anthony Hill was hospitalized with the illness in the days leading up to the Texans' fourth game, and it was the first confirmed case in the NFL this season. Pitcher Vicente Padilla contracted swine flu in late July while playing for the Texas Rangers. Los Angeles Galaxy and U.S. national team soccer player Landon Donovan contracted swine flu in August; he experienced mild symptoms, but members of the U.S. team delegation who came in close contact with him were advised to take a 10-day course of Tamiflu.
The Florida Gators football team was cautious when Tim Tebow, Joe Haden and Major Wright were suffering from flu-like symptoms before their Sept. 26 game against the Kentucky Wildcats. The players flew to Lexington on a separate plane from the rest of their teammates.
All Gators football players received a nasal spray vaccine for seasonal flu after running back Jeff Demps and two other key starters developed fevers last month, a Florida athletic department spokesman said.
The Magic offer seasonal flu shots to their players, coaches and their traveling staff and have planned to offer the swine-flu vaccine.
Lennox Archibald, the hospital epidemiologist for Shands Hospital at the University of Florida, said the H1N1 virus can be spread directly -- for example, when someone with swine-flu symptoms sneezes or coughs on someone else. He said it also can be spread indirectly, such as when people touch a surface with the virus and then touch their eyes.
In the NBA, in which one regular-season win can be the difference between having home-court advantage in a playoff series, teams are taking no chances.
"Team management -- and that includes coaches, team physicians and trainers -- need to be proactive, and they need to make sure that their players are free of symptoms, and in a pandemic situation, you have to ask," Archibald said. "Those who feel unwell or have upper-respiratory symptoms or flu-like symptoms ... should be advised to stay at home or referred to appropriate medical management. Basically, you do not come to the locker room."